Shifts in perceptions of time and space occurred during World War II when Nazi Germany implemented the enigma machine to relay all sorts of communications within its military. An enigma is operated through circuits which scramble typed letters randomly to a contact on the other side. Three to four wheels of letters are generally used. German secret services used enigma to translate instructions (and quality bantz?) on the field, at sea and in the air (source). The speed and distance at which the Germans were able to communicate vital information revolutionised the second world war and the communications proceeding it.
The Germans were convinced their enigma code was impossible to break. However Alan Turing, nowadays known as the father of modern computing, led a team of mathematicians at Bletchley Park during the second world war (source). They devised a machine which was designed to break the enigma code, which it eventually succeeded in doing and thus helped to cease the war. Turing’s team were able to intercept messages which were intended to stay between German military groups and plan battles and deploy troups as necessary. Whilst still in college, Turing had devised a machine with an equal capacity to think for itself as a human. He returned to this idea after the war and began development of what has been credited as the first digital computer (source).
Decades after his suicide in 1954 (two years after being chemically castrated for the crime of homosexuality), Turing has been credited as the father of modern computing and cryptography, which has no doubt led to the creation of the cyberspace we live in today.
Today, a mere sixty years after Turing’s death, the world has morphed into ‘a global nervous system‘; each node (for example a computer) is a nerve on a complex body which is capable of transmitting signals at a rapid speed and quantity. Geographical borders have been effectively obliterated today, and ideologies of time and space have been redefined.
Have a go at this enigma machine simulation here.