The Resurrection Stone is a Lure to Death

Three brothers met death on a lonely road in the 13th century . . . (image: Fine Art America)

“Three brothers, travelling along a lonely, winding road at twilight reached a deep treacherous river where anyone who attempted to swim or wade would drown. Learned in the magical arts, the brothers conjured a bridge with their wands and proceed to cross. Halfway though the bridge, a hooded figure stood before them. The figure was the enraged spirit of Death, cheated of his due. Death cunningly pretended to congratulate them and proceeds to award them with gifts of their own choosing (the elder wand, the resurrection stone and the invisibility cloak).”

YouTuber Jay, from SuperCarlinBrothers, proposed a theory that the resurrection stone doesn’t operate how we think. Rather than bring a version of the dead into the realm of the living he argues that the stone is actually a tool to lure fools to death. It fits The Tale of the Three Brothers; Death was angry to be fooled by the brothers and naturally gave them ‘prizes’ which would lead them back to death anyway (except Ignotus Peverell, of course). When the second brother, Cadmus Peverell, used the resurrection stone to bring back his deceased lover, he couldn’t bear to remain apart from her and he killed himself. Death won.

“And so Death took the second brother for his own” (Tale of the Three Brothers)


Death grants Cadmus the stone (image: Harry Potter wiki)


Did sinister Death plan this all along? Did he design the stone to lure the Cadmus to death under the guise of a magical object that would bring his dead lover back to life?

Image: Pinterest

During Voldemort’s brief truce during the Battle of Hogwarts, Harry ventures into Snape’s memories via Dumbledore’s pensive and realises he needs to surrender.

When Harry finally uses the resurrection stone in the forest, he comes face to face with both of his parents, Lily and James, as well as Sirius and Lupin. You’d think his parents, and two of his role-models would want to protect him, right? Or at least help him fight Voldemort, or figure out another way? Wrong. They encourage him to die.

Watch the film clip from 1:10 onwards

James coaxes his son to death, “you’re nearly there son”. Sirius assures him dying is fast and painless, even more so than falling asleep. If Harry had any qualms about walking to his certain death in the Forbidden Forest, they were gone after he used the stone.

A further theory has been suggested by Tumblr user Prisonersirius. In the scene where Harry reunites with his family before surrendering to Voldemort, Lily and James appear as they were the night they died, even wearing the same clothes. Sirius, who died just several years earlier and Remus, who died that very night, also appear young. The theory claims that this is because on the night James and Lily were murdered, the spirits of Remus and Sirius died too.

Remus lost James and Lily, but also thought he lost Peter. He thought Sirius, who was incapacitated at Azkaban Prison, was a traitor. He lost all of his best friends in one night. It`s the same story for Sirius; two of his friends were murdered, one was revealed to be a traitor, one thought Sirius himself was the traitor and he lost his liberty and freedom.

Yes, I’m crying too.


About Value, Words and Desire

(image: pinterest)

What is Value?

It depends who you ask. Oxford Dictionary provides several alternatives;

“The regard that something is held to deserve; the importance, worth, or usefulness of something”; or

“The numerical amount denoted by an algebraic term; a magnitude, quantity, or number”.

Urban Dictionary, a significantly less prestigious tool (which is nonetheless informative) provides several more, such as;

“A special kind of sentiment added to an object after having it rubbed against a man’s crotchular region”; or

“Good drugs”.

So, it turns out that notions of value are highly volatile. Depending on what one desires and what they have experienced, their definition of value and any ideals attributed to it will be diverse. Of particular interest to me is the conflict between the deserved value of something and the numerical amount assigned to it, as defined by Oxford Dictionary.

The Mirror of Erised

The Mirror of Erised (‘Desire’ spelt backwards) is a decorative way of understanding the subjective nature of value (image: Deviant Art)

“The happiest man on earth would be able use the Mirror of Erised like a normal mirror, that is, he would look into it and see himself exactly as he is . . . it shows us nothing more or less than the deepest, most desperate desire of our hearts” Albus Dumbledore, Harry Potter and the Philosopher’s Stone

Albus Dumbledore, the wisest guy to grace the earth since Gandhi, talks about values in terms of desire. When we want something, there’s a particular value attached to it. This is the basis of consumerism; it’s also the foundation of much human behaviour and belief. The Mirror shows us that Harry wants to see his parents; his values of love, family and loyalty align with this. Desire, then, can be seen as a subset of value. This says to me that definitions of value are as flexible and diverse as values themselves.

How about numerical value? Can we articulate any of Harry’s values with a numeral with accuracy? Of course not.

Why am I talking about value this week, of all things? Kate gave us the option, in BCM311 this week, to decide whether to attribute 15 percent of our final grade to a blog post such as this one, or to add it on to an existing assessment task; a presentation to be more specific. This time last week the obvious choice for me was the blog. Writing is by far my strength over speaking in front of a class, surely the logical choice would be to earn marks for my blogs?


This slideshow requires JavaScript.

My blogs for this subject and beyond are truthful to me. They are real; my stories, my thoughts and my considerations. They aren’t wrong; they can’t be by definition. Given this, what would be the impact of assigning them a numerical value? Are my feelings worth a 72? My story, a recount of a live event, an 81? What are the implications of the conversion of words to numbers?

If my experience is worth a 67 and that of the person beside me is 70, does this mean my experience is less valued? Does it matter less? Do I matter less?

Einstein differentiates success from value. Is success measured numerically? Can we measure value at all? (image: Brainy Quote)

I wrote several posts during the holidays which were completely non-compulsory and unrelated to my studies. I found that the reception of these posts on social media and the support and encouragement I received from a number of people were worth so much more to me than any mark ever could.

Words have no score. They are valuable in their own right (

I’ve touched on this issue before; my posts Take a Number and On Triangles, Fate & Divergence each explore the issues with associating humanity with numbers and categories. I’m a numbers girl, I’ve said that before. But from now on, I’d like to keep that separate from my blogs. Words are too powerful for numbers. Their impact or meaning cannot be measured by science. I think that’s my favourite thing about them.

This is why I’m choosing to write these words for the sake of them; they are valuable because they’re real and they’re written for me.



The Great Muggle War

J.K. Rowling did an incredible job at manufacturing the Harry Potter universe, but there remain a couple of  concepts which don’t fit just right. A reddit user has posed a brutal, ancient war as the answer to several plot holes. She concludes it is highly possible that a vast war took place between wizards and muggles sometimes during the dark ages.

The first question they pose regards the Ministry of Magic. Why is it named so? Americans don’t refer to Trump as “the president of America”, he’s just “the president” (or “not my president”. burn). It’s an odd distinction to make. The user points out that it almost sounds like the name of a government department rather than a government body itself, which raises the question; who controls the ministry?

Was the Ministry of Magic established by wizardkind or muggles? (Image: GMA Network)


Could it be the muggle government?

In Harry Potter and the Half Blood Prince we learn that the Minister for Magic had to inform the muggle Prime Minister that four dragons and a sphinx were being imported to Great Britain (this is a flash back to the timeline of the fourth novel). The typical wizard policy is to hide things like this from muggles. This suggests that the wizards didn’t create that rule; there must be some sort of muggle legislation that wizards, for some reason, are bound to follow.

Theory downfall: when Fudge reveals himself to the muggle Prime Minister of the day, the latter flips out just a little. It’s safe to assume he genuinely had no prior knowledge of magical existence. So it’s probably not the Prime Minister who has stakes in the Ministry of Magic, but that doesn’t mean there isn’t another department which oversees wizardkind.

The Ministry’s decrees are strict. At times they even interfere at Hogwarts, much to Dumbledore’s chagrin (image: Pinterest)

The Ministry of Magic regulations are extremely strict. All spells must be registered, as well as all animagi. Powerful objects such as timeturners and prophecies are hidden inside the Ministry, in the Department of Mysteries, which very few wizards have the clearance to access. At the time setting of the novels, major advancements in technology were occurring in the muggle world. Why weren’t wizards tapping into this? Imagine some of the spells and objects they could be creating!

Here’s what we know about the Establishment of the Ministry of Magic

In the year 1692 (which fits in with the dark ages timeline) the International Statute of Secrecy was established. Upon Britain signing this agreement, it was agreed that the wizarding community needed a more complex and structured facility to regulate the magical world. In 1707 the Ministry of Magic was born, replacing the previous government system, known as the Wizarding Council. If we look at legal movements passed by the council, we see a variety of weak, poorly thought-out decisions and regular amendments to various issues regarding magical secrecy. It is therefore unsurprising that muggles saw fit to restrain wizardkind.


“(There) is a general culture of complacency and lethargy that seems to permeate the wizarding world. They are ignorant to muggle affairs and technology that may be to their benefit, they see no reason to advance magic or their rather antiquated culture. By and large they seem almost pacified . . . ” (Reddit user celeritis365)

There wasn’t much inventing or innovation during the modernity of the novels. Feats as large at Nicholas Flamel’s philosopher’s stone or the Peverell brothers’ deathly hallows are unheard of. The founders of Hogwarts were exceedingly powerful witches and wizards, far beyond the realms of Dumbledore.

Why is there no more experimenting with magic? There’s a huge emphasis on learning to control magic at Hogwarts and little, if any, room for experimentation. Yes, this could be a safety consideration; hundreds of children learning magic in one building could be disastrous if they take experimentation too far, but there’s none at all, even in the later years.

Also, the population of wizards is said to be just ten percent of Britain. Shouldn’t it be higher? The lifespan of the average wizard is around 138 years and most wizard families tend to have many children. A valid explanation for the low magical population is that, centuries ago, a huge proportion of wizards were killed by muggles in a great war.

The muggles destroyed many powerful wizards and thus destroyed magical knowledge. The Ministry of Magic was then created to control the magical population, or what remained of it. It’s been described as a clever conspiracy to make wizards think they control themselves, when the muggle system rules them. It’s been centuries since this war occurred; it’s natural that this system has been embedded into magical culture and ceased to be questioned.

Grindelwald, Dumbledore & the Greater Good

Gellert Grindelwald fought for the “greater good”; the movement for wizards to reign over muggles (Image: Panthera)

Gellert Grindelwald, the most famous dark wizard prior to Lord Voldemort, is known for his desire to end the Statute of Secrecy and establish a wizard reign over muggles, for “the greater good”. Is it possible that Grindelwald and Dumbledore (who shared his views, at least until the death of his sister drove the two apart) saw through the Ministry’s disguise and wanted vengeance on the muggles who destroyed so much of wizard-kind? It makes sense to me; they were both extremely intelligent wizards and, if they discovered the truth, they were likely frustrated at all of the limitations pressed upon them and their kind.

Why was none of this brought up in the story? It’s not really relevant to Harry’s plight against Voldemort.



Was Ariana Dumbledore an Obscurus?

Morning all,

As always, *SPOILERS ALERT*.

This post will talk about Ariana Dumbledore, the younger sister of our favourite headmaster. Could she be an obscurus?

Ariana Dumbledore (Image: Pottermore)

Here’s what we know (about Ariana) from the books;

Ariana was abused by a group of muggle children when she was just six years old. Her father took revenge on the culprit children and landed himself a cell in Azkaban as a result. The attack had left Ariana emotionally and magically unstable. Kendra Dumbledore, her mother, kept her hidden inside at home. Rumours floated around Godric’s Hollow that Ariana was a squib, but Dumbledore revealed to Harry the truth in Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows; the family feared Ariana would be seen as a threat to the International Statute of Secrecy and be taken away from the family to a mental ward at St Mungo’s Hospital. Pottermore revealed Ariana was incarcerated for due to “a good deal of uncontrollable magic” within her. One day, when Ariana was fourteen years old, one of her ‘outbursts’ resulted in the death of Kendra.

“Then, when she was fourteen… See, I wasn’t there. If I’d been there, I could have calmed her down. She had one of her rages, and my mother wasn’t as young as she was, and… it was an accident. Ariana couldn’t control it. But my mother was killed” (Aberforth Dumbledore, Deathly Hallows).

Several years later, Ariana was accidentally killed in an angry duel between Albus Dumbledore, Aberforth Dumblefore and Gellert Grindelwald, the most evil dark wizard of the time.

What is an Obscurus?

An obscurus is a force which grows inside a young witch or wizard if they are forced to bury their magical ability. It’s not something we heard of in the original Harry Potter novels because times were less conservative. Although hidden, wizards were free to operate in their own society. This was not the case in earlier times, as we discovered in Fantastic Beasts (2016).

An obscurus is deadly; all of the repressed magical energy inside a child erupts at once. The older the child, the more dangerous the obscurus. In Fantastic Beasts, Scamander tells us no obscurus over the age of ten had ever been recorded, but we discover that older obscurials do exist, such as Credence.

Is Ariana an Obscurus?

Could Ariana’s vaguely-described ‘outbursts’ have been of obscurial magnitude? Some internetters think yes.

Although she wasn’t raised in a magically oppressed environment, her treatment from those muggle boys who attacked her caused her to feel traumatised and ashamed in a similar way to Credence did immediately before his own obscurus reigned over his body.

“When my sister was six years old, she was attacked, by three Muggle boys. They’d seen her practising magic, spying through the back garden hedge: She was a kid, she couldn’t control it, no witch or wizard can at that age. What they saw, scared them, I expect. They forced their way through the hedge, and when she couldn’t show them the trick, they got a bit carried away trying to stop the little freak doing it.” (Aberforth Dumbledore, Deathly Hallows)

Ariana’s magical abilities were ruined after the encounter and she tried to repress them herself. According to Pottermore, Ariana’s magical powers “turned inwards”. Despite being a sweet young girl, as described by her brother, Aberforth (barman at the Hog’s Head), anger or upset could cause her to become strange and dangerous.

“It destroyed her, what they did: She was never right again. She wouldn’t use magic, but she couldn’t get rid of it; it turned inward and drove her mad, it exploded out of her when she couldn’t control it, and at times she was strange and dangerous. But mostly she was sweet and scared and harmless.” (Aberforth Dumblefore, Deathly Hallows).

Movie Pilot has suggested that Ariana’s obscurus is what led Gellert Grindelwald to Godric’s Hollow in the first place. We know from Fantastic Beasts that he has an inherent fascination with obscurials; namely harnessing the dark power within the child. Is it possible he came to befriend, and become romantically involved, with Albus Dumbledore to get closer to Ariana?

No wonder Dumbledore’s still salty.


Hopefully this storyline will be explored in the Fantastic Beasts films to come!


Is Draco Malfoy a Werewolf?

There are a variety of Harry Potter theories circling the internet which attempt (with varying success) to fill in the gaps or draw connections between events in Rowling’s books. One which I have recently come across, and which makes logical sense, is that of Draco Malfoy being a werewolf.

*Spoilers alert. Obviously*

giphy (14).gif
Source: Giphy  

There are a variety of hints provided in the novels that support this theory, particularly in Harry Potter and the Half Blood Prince. The timeline makes sense; Lucius Malfoy ‘failed’ Lord Voldemort after he failed to obtain the prophecy about Harry and the Dark Lord. This led to:

a) The prophecy (created by Sybil Trelawny) smashing in the Department of Mysteries

b) A bunch of Death Eaters were arrested and taken to Azkaban, including Lucius himself

c) An extremely unhappy and volatile Lord Voldemort who would be likely to seek revenge on Malfoy’s family for the disgrace he brought to the dark side.

giphy (15).gif
Could Lucius’s mistake have caused Draco to be bitten in revenge? (source: Giphy)

Additionally, Malfoy, albeit unknowingly, handed over a horcrux to Ginny Weasley, planning to use the results for his own benefit.

Could this revenge involve scheduling Fenrir Greyback, renowned satanic werewolf, for a family visit? I think yes.

About Fenrir Greyback

Unlike Remus Lupin, who takes numerous measures to ensure he will not harm wizards when he transforms under the full moon, Greyback positions himself close to wizards, particularly children, to maximise bite potential. He wishes to create enough werewolves to overthrow the wizards, or so we learn from Lupin.

Greyback attacked both Remus Lupin and Bill Weasley.

We also know that Voldemort promises Greyback prey for his services. Could Draco be this prey?

giphy (16).gif
Fenrir Greyback is renowned by the Dark Lord for his savagery (source: Giphy)


In the novel, Harry becomes suspicious that Draco has been branded with the dark mark and is Voldemort’s newest recruited Death Eater. Although it becomes apparent by the end of the book that Draco is firmly situated on the dark side, we never actually see proof that the dark mark is on his arm. All we have is Harry’s hunch.

What if it was a werewolf bite?

Draco missed a Quidditch match against Gryffindor, which was odd because he generally never misses a chance to prove himself against Harry. Also, he began to skip classes and failed to hand in his Transfiguration homework twice. We know he isn’t incapable of doing the work; he made it into Professor McGonagall’s NEWT class. We hear of Malfoy crying in the bathrooms on multiple occasions, a far cry from the arrogant, obnoxious douchebag who used to strut about Hogwarts like he owned it. Harry describes Draco as having a “greyish tinge” to his face, yet because we experience the story through Harry’s tunnel vision, we only link this information to that of Draco being a death eater and the subsequent stresses which accompany that. Harry is so set on this theory that he doesn’t give us room to contemplate otherwise.

giphy (17).gif
In the sixth novel/film, Malfoy becomes less arrogent and more anxious (source: Giphy)

Mugglenet compars Harry’s observation of Malfoy in Harry Potter and the Half Blood Prince with his observation of Professor Lupin, the werewolf we get to know the most intimately in Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban;

“Malfoy did, after all, look a little ill. This was the first time (Harry) had seen Malfoy close up for ages; he now saw that Malfoy had dark shadows under his eyes and a distinctly grayish tinge to his skin.” (p 321)

“Professor Lupin was back at work. It certainly looked as though he had been ill. His old robes were hanging more loosely on him and there were dark shadows beneath his eyes…” (p 185)

Coincidence? I think not . . .

Draco’s own reactions to Fenrir Greyback in the novel are evidence also. In the beginning, in Borgin & Burkes, Draco refers to Greyback as “a friend of the family”, thus insinuating he has some sort of relationship with the werewolf. Conversely, in the tower scene at the end of the novel, Draco seems terrified of Greyback, especially when questioned by Albus Dumbledore.

“And, yes, I am a little shocked that Draco here invited you, of all people, into the school where his friends live….”“I didn’t,” breathed Malfoy. He was not looking at Fenrir; he did not seem to want to even glance at him. “I didn’t know he was going to come—” (page 593).

It’s interesting to note that Dumbledore seems more concerned for Draco’s “friends” than Draco himself – Mugglenet suggests this is because Dumbledore may already know Draco is a werewolf. Why is Draco so scared of Greyback when he referred to him as a friend earlier? During this scene, Malfoy pulls away his sleeve and shows Borgin something on his arm that scares him. We are led to believe, again through Harry’s bias, that this is the Dark Mark, but there is no proof of this. What if it were a werewolf bite?

Of all the theories out there, this one is backed by some pretty solid evidence, and I can’t think of anything in the story that doesn’t fit! What do you think?


Ilvermorny School of Witchcraft & Wizardry

America & The Harry Potter Franchise

Today marks twenty years since the release of Harry Potter and the Philosopher’s Stone; or, as American audiences know it, Harry Potter and the Sorcerer’s Stone. The reason the word ‘philosopher’ was substituted for ‘sorcerer’ in the States is because, apparently, the word ‘sorcerer’ was predicted to be confusing to American readers. Given this, a social media user became concerned that Americans may struggle to understand the rest of the novels and renamed them accordingly;

source: Pinterest

Why is this relevant? As twenty years of Hogwarts adventures with Harry and the gang come to a close, a new spin-off is broadening the horizon of the wizarding world beyond the borders of Great Britain. America played host to the 2016 film, Fantastic Beasts and Where to Find Them. Further sequels have been announced, with fans hoping for further insight into Ilvermorny School of Witchcraft and Wizardry, located in North America.

Ilvermorny: An Introduction

J.K. Rowling has posted a fair amount of information about Ilvermorny on Pottermore. The following video is an introduction to the school.

The founder is a woman called Isolt Sayre, a pureblood descendant of Salazar Slytherin born in Ireland. Despite their pureblood status, Isolt’s parents showed great kindness to their muggle neighbours. This was a highly controversial action, particularly for this time period (1600’s). This drove Gormlaith Gaunt (yep, one of Voldemort’s ancestors!), her mother’s estranged sister, to kill Isolt’s parents and kidnap Isolt to raise her away from muggles. Because Salazar Slytherin’s plan for a pure-blood dominated Hogwarts had failed, Gormlaith refused to allow Isolt to attend.

Isolt’s parents were killed by Gormlaith Gaunt, who then kidnapped Isolt to ‘protect’ her from muggles (source: culturalist)

Eventually Isolt realised Gormlaith had killed her parents. She stole her aunt’s wand and fled to America, where she rescued two orphaned wizard boys and fell in love with a no-maj (the American term for ‘muggle’), named James. She and James, who decided to raise the boys themselves, built a house in the woods and dubbed it Ilvermorny. Because she could not send her sons to Hogwarts, Isolt resolved to teach them at home.

Having heard tales of the Hogwarts houses, the boys insisted Ilvermorny have its own house structure. They each picked a magical creature; Thunderbolt, Wampus, Pukwudgie and Horned Serpent, and thus the four houses of Ilvermorny were born. As word spread of Isolt’s school, more and more wizarding families who had settled in the Americas began sending their children to Ilvermorny.

An ancient map depicting Ilvermorny (source: Pottermore)

Ilvermorny: The Sorting Ceremony

Rowling describes the American school as built off Hogwarts’ ideology, but less elitist and more accepting. The sorting process at Ilvermorny is very different to Hogwarts. There is a statue of each house, which offers a student a place in their respective house if that student so desires. If more than one house offers a student a place, the onus is transferred to the student to choose (yep, it’s just like The Voice). It’s very rare for all four houses to choose one student, but it happens.

The last student to be offered a place in all four houses was Seraphina Picquery. She chose the Horned Serpent to be her house, which favours scholar, and went on to become the President of MACUSA (Magical Congress of the United States of America), as seen in Fantastic Beasts (2016).

source: Amino Apps

Here’s a quiz to determine your Ilvermorny house. A breakdown of the quiz and what it says about each house can be seen on this subreddit.

It’s worth noting that given the house structure differs so much between the wizarding schools, there is no ‘equivalent’ Hogwarts house for any of the Ilvermorny houses. Rather, there are two correlating Ilvermorny houses for each Hogwarts house. For example I strongly identify as a Slytherin and fit the bill for Horned Serpent much more closely than Wampus.

source: Tumblr

It’s interesting to note that both America’s wizarding school and wizarding government were inspired by their British counterparts.



Harry Potter and the Chamber of Onions

Find your IP address here

Every online destination you visit is recorded and stored (like this). An IP address, which records your location details, directs the content you email, or otherwise transmit, to various other nodes in the internet. This occurs the same way a postal address transmits packages to a different locations in a suburb. In response to the growing global concern of meta-data mining, online citizens are choosing various alternate methods of internet browsing, such as VPN‘s or TOR.

TOR (the onion router) was created by the TOR Project, an activist group which advocates for internet anonymity. It’s free, open source, and is designed to protect your identity whilst you surf the web. It is worth noting, however, that much of TOR’s funding comes from a small organisation called the Government of the United States of America. I’ll let you decide whether this is downright disturbing or simply ironic.

US President, Donald Trump

The logic behind TOR is in layering (hence the ‘onion’ theme). Information (e.g. the IP address of a computer/node) is packaged at the start of a route, and as it reaches each server, one layer sheds. This means that rather than your data seeing you reach a certain destination from your IP address, it can only be read from the final server to the destination.


Here’s a Harry Potter analogy; let’s travel back to the Prisoner of Azkabanwhen Harry has to use a secret passage to get into Hogsmeade to avoid detection. If he left the Gryffindor common room and walked straight into Hogsmeade, his whole path could be tracked and observed. Instead, he toward the library, in full sight. This is the entry guard. Next, he pulls on his invisibility cloak to avoid detection and sneaks to the one-eyed witch statue. This becomes the middle relay. He climbs through it and ventures down the secret passage within. Eventually he arrives in the Honeydukes cellar, which is the exit relay. Thus he arrives in Hogsmeade, his destination. He is only seen (by his friends) walking between the exit relay and the destination; the passageway is secret so his path cannot be tracked. If we consider each path a layer which disintegrates at each relay transmission, Harry’s route almost resembles TOR.


Harry under his invisibility cloak (source)

Once you have gained access to your destination without being traced, you’re free to conduct a variety of activities;

  • criminal activity (drug trafficking, distributing illicit content etc.)
  • accessing material which is normally out of reach (i.e. content restricted by borders; American streaming sites and so on)
  • simply conduct your usual activities without your data being harvested faster than a bio-engineered chicken.

If we leap back into the Potter metaphor; Harry uses his invisible destination as a platform to anonymously harass the school bullies; Malfoy, Crabbe and Goyle.


TOR is a popular means of achieving internet anonymity, however there are ways for your data to still be tracked. This is often through downloading unsafe materials (especially PDF files, which often carry bots which can uncover your identity) or not knowing how to use the browser properly (source). Thus TOR is not a foolproof route. The issue is not in the design, however. Federal agents revealed in 2014 that they capitalise on human error to uncover data in the TOR system.

So, if you’re planning to don an invisibility cloak for your internet travels anytime soon, be sure not to trip – or all could be revealed. (*audience gasps*)